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老开着电视影响宝宝说话

2018年10月16日 栏目:健康

老开着电视,影响宝宝说话在哄宝宝玩时,您会介意旁边还开着电视吗?美国《儿童与媒体杂志》刊登一项新研究称,在父母与孩子玩耍时,旁边开着电视

老开着电视,影响宝宝说话

在哄宝宝玩时,您会介意旁边还开着电视吗?美国《儿童与媒体杂志》刊登一项新研究称,在父母与孩子玩耍时,旁边开着电视作为“背景”,会阻碍孩子语言能力的正常发展。

这项研究中,美国霍林斯大学研究人员观察了49位父母与1岁、2岁和3岁的孩子进行亲子互动1小时的情况。互动过程中,一半时间关闭电视,另一半时间打开电视作为背景,电视上播放着一个适宜较大孩子和成人的电视节目。结果发现,与关闭电视相比,打开电视作为背景时,父母在亲子互动过程中使用的词汇(包括新词汇)和让孩子锻炼的数量明显较少。即使孩子没关注电视内容,父母也会边与孩子玩耍边看电视。而父母给孩子的词汇输入越少,孩子语言发展就越滞后。因此,该研究表明,“背景”电视对儿童玩耍及亲子互动质量构成负面影响,特别是影响到小儿语言发展。

研究负责人蒂凡妮·皮姆匹克博士表示,这项研究结果非常重要,因为美国2岁以下儿童平均每天暴露在电视“背景”中的时间长达5.5小时。美国儿科学会建议,2岁以下的孩子不要看电视、用电脑或玩。▲

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